Restructuring Our High Schools for the 21st Century: Creating ‘Grade 11-13’ Schools
Memo • September 1998
Currently, students are held until 12th grade even if they can move faster. The Minnesota Post-secondary Enrollment Options Program (PSEO) showed that bright high school students can do well with college-level work. The Grade 11-13 model goes even further, restructuring both high school and the first year of college, un-duplicating the curriculum.
Albert Shanker: Reflections on Forty Years in the Profession
Memo • January 1991
In this 1991 retrospective, Albert Shanker looks back over 40 years in the profession. He is realistic about the union’s conventional strategy of higher salaries and smaller class size. He looks toward others strategies: differentiated staffing, the individualization of learning through technology, project-based learning, and performance-based assessment.
States Will Have to Withdraw the Exclusive
Memo • July 1990
Written as Minnesota was in the early stages of thinking about what would a year later become the first chartering law, this paper zeroed in on “the exclusive franchise” as the heart of the K-12 system-problem. No change, no major improvement in learning, was realistically possible, Kolderie said, until the states withdrew the guarantee of success—for the districts and for the people in them—created by the public-utility arrangement traditional in public education.
Joe Loftus’ 1988 Proposal for ‘Chartered Schools’
Memo • January 1988
In 1987 the Chicago Teacher’s Union struck for the ninth consecutive time. Joe Loftus proposed a reform idea, but it did not pass. In 1993 he called Minnesota. “What’s this ‘charter schools’ I’m hearing about?”, he asked. “I proposed that in 1988.” Here are the key pages of Joe’s proposal, an interesting case of parallel invention.
Leased vs. Owned Departments (And Some Implications for Schools)
Memo • December 1987
Teachers, principals, superintendents, union leaders listen to an executive describe how a department store is a combination of ‘owned’ and ‘leased’ departments. Ted Kolderie shares his notes from the discussion. “We could organize a high school like this!”
Resisting the Temptation to Comprehensive Action
Memo • May 1983
Consider a given public policy problem. Everyone sees the problem is complex. From this comes an impulse to control all its elements. Everyone sees the importance of improvement. From this comes an impulse to command improvement. Together these produce the ‘blueprints’ we so often see: lists of actions all of which must be taken, in a certain order, over a period of time. But in the public sector blueprints usually fail. Mechanisms of “mutual adjustment” usually work better.
Electronics Technology for Public School Systems: A Superintendent’s View
Memo • November 1981
George Young, in 1981 superintendent of St. Paul, foresaw technology as a tool not to replace teachers, but to help them do their jobs. Using technology to individualize education can reform a system where students are lumped into grades and instructed as a group regardless of their learning style and abilities.