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urban education

Paul Grogan on How Foundations Can Leverage Change

Notes from remarks by Paul Grogan, head in 20008 of the Boston Foundation, on the challenges of inner-city public education, and how foundations can leverage change. Early, Grogan worked for two mayors of Boston. He ran the national office of the Local Initiatives Support Corporation in New York.

L. Scott Miller on the Achievement Gap and "Within-class" Disparities

Notes from December 2007 conversations with L. Scott Miller about minority achievement in K12 and at the university levels. Scott argues that some of the greatest disparities in performance come "within-class," and that greater focus placed on African American and Hispanic students among middle and professional classes.